Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is crucial to differentiate interviews as a technique of gathering interviewing and information as a genre. In the 1st situation, meeting, that is, interaction with people, is one of 3 ways to acquire information with a researcher. Two other ways are:

  • observation, if the researcher himself is an eyewitness for the event,
  • working with documents, where in actuality the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a method of information gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage interview was discussed into the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative shall find out into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting being a genre, being a real means of text formatting in the shape of concerns from a interviewer plus the responses associated with interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the quantity of concerns regarding the researcher is minimized (often they are not any after all), in the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not merely asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, indicates in regards to the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Into the typical interview, the interviewer answers take 70-90% for the text. A conversation could be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist was also interesting to visitors, given that viewpoint of this interlocutor. If a typical journalist speaks the maximum amount of or higher in a job interview as an interlocutor, this is certainly a sign of insufficient certification.

Forms of interviews with regards to the topic. Topic interview

With respect to the topic, you can find three kinds of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic meeting is their state of things in almost any field of task. Frequently this can be a job interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing situation. For instance, a police informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains just how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The monetary advisor makes a forecast the length of time the crisis will likely be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the private lifetime of the interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling for the topic interview comprises of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there is a parsing of this topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject interview stops utilizing the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical suggestions to visitors.

The hero regarding the interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is a given information interview, one of many news genres. The duty of this journalist would be to learn whenever possible the important points and information on what happened. As in the truth of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction with all the subject is first shown, then the topic is deepened, while the ending is devoted to general impressions of just what took place while the conclusions that the interlocutor made.